Neurosarcoidosis is a form of sarcoidosis, an autoimmune condition that can cause inflammation throughout the body, including the lungs, lymph nodes, skin and heart.

Neurosarcoidosis is an inflammation within the central nervous system, affecting the brain, spinal cord and muscles.

About 10% of patients with sarcoidosis have neurological complications.

Symptoms can include:

  • Speech difficulties
  • Loss of hearing
  • Weak facial muscles
  • Seizures
  • Hallucinations

Patients who have sarcoidosis and are having neurological difficulties should be tested for neurosarcoidosis. This can include blood work and imaging tests. Patients should also track their neurological issues.

Patients with neurosarcoidosis can be seen in our neuroimmunology clinic in the UM Center Multiple Sclerosis. For appointments, please call 410-328-4323.

Treating Neurosarcoidosis

Corticosteroids are typically the first line of treatment for neurosarcoidosis. Approximately half of patients respond to this treatment. For patients who are not responding to corticosteroids, immunosuppressive medications can be used to reduce the immune system's activity, slowing the disease down.