The hip is a ball and socket joint where that thigh-bone meets the pelvis. Cushions of cartilage allow that ball to glide in the socket. With certain disease processes, the cartilage wears down causing the bones to become rough and rub against one another. In some instances, the problem is increased by an inflamed or swollen joint. This leads to pain and difficulty while walking or moving about.
Conditions Leading to Chronic Hip Pain
Conditions leading to this chronic hip pain can include:
- Hip fracture or injury
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Bone tumors
Total Hip Replacement Vs. Partial Hip Replacement
Total hip replacement surgery replaces the head of the thigh-bone (ball) and socket to create smooth surfaces so the joint can move comfortably. Partial hip placement surgery replaces only the damaged portions of the knee joint, leaving the healthy parts in tact. Through an organized recovery process and strength building program, the prosthetic hip will allow you to regain the pain-free movement you have lost.
Benefits of Hip Replacement Surgery
The majority of patients who have hip replacement surgery will experience great benefits, including:
- Decrease in pain
- Increased mobility
- Improvements in completing daily activities
- Improved quality of life
Total Hip Replacement Rehabilitation
The day after surgery the rehabilitation team, a physical therapist and an occupation therapist, will start you on the road to recovery.
Working with a Physical Therapist
The physical therapist will instruct you in safe positions for transfers in and out of bed, chairs and car. You also will be taught correct techniques for ambulating with an assistive device to allow comfortable walking during your recovery. Exercise to facilitate you regaining range of motion and strengthening for your new hip will be initiated.
Working with an Occupational Therapist
An occupational therapist will introduce you to safe positioning techniques for completing your self-care activities. They will also identify and teach you how to use appropriate assistive devices for dressing, bathing and toileting, so excessive pressure on your new hip can be avoided.
Outpatient Physical Therapy
Once you are discharged from the hospital your doctor will refer you to outpatient physical therapy at UM Baltimore Washington Medical Center to continue progressive ambulation, balance, strengthening and range of motion. This will allow you to improve your ability to care for yourself and return to pain free activity.