Laparoscopic Adnexal Surgery
Laparoscopic adnexal surgery is a minimally invasive procedure done on the ovary, fallopian tube, or ovarian cysts.
Reasons for Laparoscopic Adnexal Surgery
Different circumstances sometimes make it necessary remove one or both ovaries or the fallopian tube such as:
- Bleeding ectopic pregnancy
- Ovarian malignancy
- Ectopic pregnancy or inflammation of the fallopian tube
- Ovarian cysts -- often, it is necessary to remove one or more ovarian cyst (ovarian cystectomy) due to pain, cyst rupture, or the possibility of cancer.
Sometimes, the cause of infertility can be diagnosed and treated surgically on the fallopian tubes (such as breaking down the adhesions that prevent the fertilization of the egg).
The majority, if not all, of these procedures can be performed laparoscopically.
How Laparoscopic Adnexal Surgery is Performed
The surgery involves making the small incision in the belly button through which the camera (laparoscope) is inserted, allowing direct, thorough, and magnified evaluation of pelvic and abdominal organs. Three tiny incisions are made in the bikini line to allow introduction of laparoscopic instruments.
Advantages of Minimally Invasive Surgery
This minimally invasive approach reduces exposure of internal organs, minimizing the chance of infection. It also reduces the amount of blood loss, thus reducing the need for potential blood transfusion.
Because there are no large incisions, the recovery time is much shorter: most people go home the same day or the morning after the surgery. In majority of cases, full recovery takes around one week. And there are no or minimally visible scars left after laparoscopic procedure.