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In Crohn's disease patients surgery usually relieves symptoms, but does not offer a cure; however, the surgical advances in the treatment of Crohn's offers bowel-saving techniques such as stricturoplasty (repair of disease segments instead of removal).
Surgery for Ulcerative Colitis
Ulcerative colitis, unlike Crohn's disease, is cured once the colon is removed. Although patients usually require an ileostomy (bag attached to the belly wall that collects fecal waste) after a colectomy, another surgical procedure can be performed in many patients later to reverse the ostomy called a restorative proctocolectomy or J pouch. This procedure allows patients to have bowel movements without an ostomy and pass stools through the anus.
Minimally Invasive Surgery
The University of Maryland Medical Center is widely recognized for making pioneering advances in minimally invasive surgery (laparoscopic). Our surgeons have performed many of Maryland's first laparoscopic procedures. A minimally invasive approach to surgery affords patients the benefit of smaller incisions, less pain, and a shortened hospital stay. Traditional surgery required a long midline abdominal incision and a lengthy recovery period of between four and eight weeks. With minimally invasive surgery, patients are usually only required to undergo a 2-4 night hospital stay, as opposed to a stay of a week or more, and complete recovery is achieved in only three to six weeks.