Dr. Munir meets with a patient who has corneal disease.

The cornea is the thin, clear outer layer of the eye that light passes through to the retina, allowing us to see.

Clear and smooth like glass, the cornea protects the eye from irritants like dust, germs and harmful UV rays.

It is also the outer lens of your eye, with about 65-75 percent of your eye's focusing ability.

Cornea injuries or diseases may cause symptoms such as:

  • Blurred or cloudy vision
  • Difficulty opening your eye
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Severe pain in and around the eye

Corneal Disease and Injury

At University of Maryland Eye Associates, our faculty cornea specialists offer advanced cornea treatments, including corneal transplant, for conditions such as:

Fuchs' Dystrophy

While early Fuchs' Dystrophy may not need treatment, corneal transplant is the only treatment for advanced disease. This condition affects the cells in the back of the cornea that help drain excess fluid from it.


In keratoconus, the cornea changes shape, causing nearsightedness or astigmatism. Advanced treatments are available.

Corneal Abrasion

Scratches or scrapes to the cornea surface can cause scarring and reduce vision. Treatment may include wearing a patch to allow healing, anti-infection eye drops, or a special contact lens to speed healing.

Corneal Edema

Edema, or swelling of the cornea, can result from damage to the inner cells of the cornea from conditions like Fuchs dystrophy and treatments like cataract surgery. Mild edema may not need treatment, while severe edema may require surgery.

Corneal Ulcer

An open sore on your cornea can result from infection, contact lenses, dry eye or other disorders. Treatment may include antibiotics or antifungal medications. Severe corneal ulcers may require surgery, including corneal transplants.

Make an Appointment

Make an appointment with one of our cornea specialists, please call 667-214-1111.

Cornea Specialists

Wuqaas M. Munir, MD

Wuqaas M. Munir, MD

Associate Professor of Ophthalmology

Sarah Brem Sunshine, MD

Sarah Brem Sunshine, MD

Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology