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Learn more about allergy shots, drops, or tablets at University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC).
Environmental allergies UMMC treats in adults include:
- Animals (cats, dogs and others)
- Dust mites
While the sneezing, nasal congestion and fatigue of environmental allergies may seem unavoidable, it doesn't have to be. Immunotherapy, through allergy shots or other methods, is a proven way to ease or stop symptoms.
UMMC also offers penicillin allergy testing.
For food and environmental allergies in children, please see our pediatric pulmonology, allergy and sleep medicine team.
We offer different allergy treatments:
- Immunotherapy for Allergies - UMMC can dramatically reduce allergy symptoms using immunotherapy, through allergy shots, tablets, or drops under the tongue. Immunotherapy takes a major commitment from the patient because treatment typically lasts 3-5 years. Instead of treating the symptoms, allergy immunotherapy changes your immune system so that your allergies no longer affect you. In the beginning of the 3-5 years of immunotherapy treatment, patients get allergy shots weekly. Over time, the allergy shots spread out to monthly, depending on how you respond to treatment. The other option is patients take tablets/droplets daily in the convenience of their own homes.
- Avoiding Allergens - Allergy testing helps identify what triggers your allergies. Then UMMC can educate you on how to best avoid these allergens. Avoiding allergy triggers can prevent symptoms.
- Allergy Medicine - There are many over the counter and prescription medications that can help with allergy symptoms. UMMC discusses these options with you and recommends the best treatments.
Before treatment with allergy shots, UMMC must confirm your allergies. We test allergies two ways:
- On-site skin test: Detailed testing gives immediate results.
- Blood test: Get blood drawn at a lab and your convenience. We review your results together in our office.
Allergies or Cold: Which Is It?
It can be difficult to know if your symptoms are because of a cold or allergies. Each requires different treatment, so it's important to know which you are experiencing.
Both can cause:
- Difficulty breathing through the nose
- Runny nose
Allergies can make your eyes and nose feel itchy, but that doesn't happen with colds. Seasonal allergies usually happen the same time every year.
Try over-the-counter allergy medicine to see if it makes you feel better. If you still can't tell if it's allergies or a cold, schedule an appointment with your primary care doctor, who can help.