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When the covering that allows a normal joint to move freely and painlessly is worn or damaged, the friction of bone rubbing on bone results in loss of motion and decreases a joint's weight-bearing capacity.
When this happens it may be time for a knee replacement.
Knee replacement means the bone surfaces within the joint are surgically removed and replaced with synthetic materials, usually a prosthesis made of durable, wear-resistant plastic and/or metal.
Different procedures and components may be used, depending on factors such as the nature of the disease or injury, the patient's age and condition of the bone.
Most patients can look forward to resuming an active, fulfilling lifestyle following a successful procedure.
At UM Orthopaedics, we are committed to providing ongoing communication to both patients and referring physicians. Before, during and after treatment, patients and their families can expect concern and compassion, education and training, as well as injury prevention information.
Joint Education Classes
Joint education classes are available for the patients and their families before surgery. The patients and families watch an educational video about joint replacement. Nurses, physical therapists and occupational therapists provide information training and demonstration to help patients establish appropriate post-surgical expectations. They are also given handouts and brochures explaining:
- The joint replacement procedure
- How to prepare for surgery
- Anesthesia options
- The recovery process
- Pain management
- Physical and occupational therapy
- Follow-up care
Your surgical coordinator will help you schedule a joint replacement class.
Recovering After Knee Replacement Surgery
After surgery, a schedule of therapy and exercise will be established to teach patients how to get in and out of bed safely, walk with a walker or crutches, and improve muscle strength and joint motion. If necessary, occupational therapists can help patients relearn daily living skills, including bathing, dressing and meal preparation.
Case Managers are available to arrange home care, home medical equipment, and other support services for the return home.