The Neonatology Division maintains the 52-bed Drs. Rouben and Violet Jiji Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and the Level III 15–bed NICU at University of Maryland Prince George's Hospital Center and offers comprehensive evaluation and treatment for all critically ill neonates, including extremely low birth-weight infants and those with surgical, genetic and cardiac conditions. Specialists are available 24 hours a day.

A specialized neonatal transport team, based at the University of Maryland Medical Center, provides ambulance and helicopter transportation for critically ill infants throughout the state.

Patient Conditions

Comprehensive Evaluations

  • Prenatal consultation with parents with high-risk pregnancies
  • Lactation support for breastfeeding mothers of hospitalized infants
  • Physical and occupational therapy for hospitalized neonates
  • Nutrition consultation on patients receiving parenteral nutrition

Specialized Treatments

  • High-frequency oscillation ventilation
  • Neonatal synchronized ventilator respiratory support
  • Nitric oxide therapy
  • Laser and cryotherapy for retinopathy
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Continuous EEG monitoring

Research Activities

  • Inflammatory mediators in chronic lung disease
  • Role of Ureaplasma urealyticum in lung injury
  • Pathophysiology of Necrotizing enterocolitis
  • Mechanisms of brain injury in the pre-term and term infant

Special Programs

  • NICU Follow-Up Program coordinates neurodevelopmental screening from birth through age 3 and provides multidisciplinary support (nutrition, speech and language, social work, physical therapy, occupational therapy, etc.) for graduates of the NICU and on children from other NICUs; the team also provides consultation on unresolved medical problems following discharge.
  • Lactation consultation service for all breast-feeding mothers
  • Kangaroo Care