Elias Rafir Melhem, MD
Neuroradiology, Diagnostic Radiology
Professor and Dean John M. Dennis Chair
UM Faculty Physicians, Inc.
Dr. Melhem is a neuroradiologist. He specializes in the treatment of pediatric sickle cell disease, ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig’s disease) and brain tumors.
Dr. Melhem is a leader in the development and use of new technology in neuroradiology. He joined University of Maryland School of Medicine in 2012 as the Dean John M. Dennis chair of the Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine. He has greatly expanded the department's research program funding, which ranks thirteenth in the country.
A widely respected clinician scientist, Dr. Melhem has secured nearly $10 million in continuous research funding from the National Institutes of Health throughout his career. He is a prolific scholar, having written 200 peer-reviewed journal articles.
In 2000, Dr. Melhem received the Melvin M. Figley Fellowship in radiology journalism. This highly competitive fellowship is awarded by the American Roentgen Ray Society to encourage young radiologists to continue with a career in academic medicine and improve the quality of radiology journals by teaching the fundamentals of medical journalism.
In 2007, Dr. Melhem received the Research Award for Novel Imaging Approach Using 3D Stress MRI to Detect Altered Biomechanics in Patients with Evoked Neck Pain, which was presented by the Cervical Spine Research Society.
Board Certification and EducationToggle accordion item
Univ of Southern Alabama School of Medicine, 1988
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 1989
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 1990
Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1992
Johns Hopkins Hospital - Neuroradiology, 1995
American Board of Radiology - Neuroradiology, 1996
American Board of Radiology - Diagnostic Radiology, 1994
Hospital AffiliationsToggle accordion item
UM Shore Regional Health - Dorchester/Easton
UM Shore Regional Health - Chestertown
UM Capital Region Health
University of Maryland Medical Center
UM Charles Regional Medical Center
University of Maryland Medical Center Midtown Campus
Research and PublicationsToggle accordion item
Dr. Melhem's research focuses in part on brain function in children with sickle cell disease. In addition, his laboratory examines vascular reactivity changes to understand how tumors transform from benign to malignant.
Dr. Melhem also oversees research using advanced MRI techniques to evaluate upper motor neuron disease in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease.