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Individuals who have experienced a spinal cord injury often have difficulty with mobility, self-care, work-related skills, leisure activities and community reintegration. The Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Program at University of Maryland Rehabilitation & Orthopaedic Institute is especially designed to help individuals with spinal cord injury or dysfunction reach their highest level of independent living.

The program includes both inpatient and outpatient services. The inpatient spinal cord injury unit is bright, comfortable and modern in design.

The unit's onsite therapy facility features kitchen and bathroom setups for training in daily living skills, a complete set of modern therapy equipment for strengthening and retraining, a full set of manual and electric wheelchairs for patient use, and an indoor aquatic therapy pool.

Patients benefit from the following services:

  • Medical management
  • Electromyogram (EMT)
  • Pain management
  • Wound care management
  • Brace and orthotic evaluation
  • Wheelchair, seating, positioning and mobility training
  • Evaluation for assistive technology
  • Adaptive recreational program and aquatics
  • Discharge planning
  • Outpatient follow-up care
  • Monthly support group and peer support
  • Upper Extremity Clinic
  • Ear, Nose & Throat (ENT) care
  • Swallowing assessment and treatment
  • Cognitive/communication assessment and treatment
  • Spasticity and tone management

Goal-Oriented Treatment Approach

University of Maryland Rehabilitation and Orthopaedic Institute's Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Program provides clinical evaluation, medical care and therapeutic activities tailored to each patient's individual goals, needs and abilities. Comprehensive rehabilitation services are provided to help patients recover daily living skills, achieve community re-entry, and address any problems in areas such as:

  • Range of motion, strength, coordination and endurance
  • Self care skills
  • Training and use of standard and/or power wheelchairs
  • Bowel and bladder management
  • Pre-vocational skills
  • Leisure skills

Patients receive physical, occupational, speech/language and recreational therapy six days a week to help them reach their rehabilitation goals. The Spinal Cord Injury Program places a strong emphasis on patient/caregiver education, offering a comprehensive program that addresses topics such as:

  • Coping with spinal cord injury
  • Sexuality
  • Attendant/caregiver issues
  • Skin/Nutrition
  • Parenting and child care issues
  • Travel issues with mobility and home accessibility
  • Bowel and bladder management
  • Health and wellness

Patients admitted to the inpatient portion of the Spinal Cord Injury Program must be able to actively participate in three or more hours of daily therapy. The length of stay for spinal cord injury patients varies between approximately two to eight weeks, depending on individual need. Over eighty percent of our patients return home after discharge.

Related Content

  • Lokomat: University of Maryland Rehabilitation & Orthopaedic Institute is one of only two facilities in Maryland with a robotic treadmill that may help patients with spinal cord injuries or stroke to walk again.
  • Spinal Cord Injury Resources: This program helps people improve their motor skills, balance and coordination.

University of Maryland Rehabilitation & Orthopaedic Institute is one of only two facilities in Maryland accredited by The Joint Commission and the Commission on the Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF).