Voices Conditions and Treatments
University of Maryland Professional Voice Program
The Professional Voice Program is equipped to diagnose and treat all voice disorders. Among the disorders most commonly seen are:
- Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Disease (LPRD)
- Muscle Tension Dysphonia
- Neurologic Voice Disorders
- Psychogenic Voice Disorders
- Reinke's Edema (smoker's polyps)
- Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis (RRP)
- Spasmodic Dysphonia
- Laryngeal Cancer
- Vocal Fold Bowing
- Vocal Fold Granuloma
- Vocal Fold Growths (Lesions): Nodules, Polyps, and Cysts
- Vocal Fold Paralysis/Paresis
- Vocal Fold Scarring
The vast majority of voice disorders can be traced to one of the following causes:
- Infectious & Inflammatory Disorders
- Vocal Misuse and Abuse
- Benign & Malignant Vocal Fold Growths
- Neurologic Disease
- Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Disease
- Psychogenic Conditions
Most voice disorders can be treated with medications or voice therapy. However, after all conservative measures have been exhausted, there are certain conditions in which operative procedures are necessary. University of Maryland otolaryngologists are trained in advanced endoscopic approaches and minimally invasive procedures to increase the safety and effectiveness of the available treatments.
Comprehensive services include:
- Voice Therapy: Voice therapy helps people who have trouble talking to other people. Services provided include evaluation and treatment of voice problems in children and adults. Otolaryngologists work in conjunction with speech-language pathologists to improve communication abilities of patients. Voice therapy may be the only treatment needed for some voice disorders and also is used to aid in recovery after surgery of the larynx.
- Rehabilitation of Vocal Fold Paralysis
- Botulinum Toxin Therapy
- Dysphagia (Swallowing) Evaluation and Rehabilitation
- Tracheotomy Decannulation Evaluation: This evaluation is available for individuals seeking second opinions about the necessity of tracheotomy tubes and the options for removing them.
- Evaluation of the Aging Voice: This evaluation includes special assessments of various voice disorders associated with aging.
When you become aware of any negative change in your voice, call the University of Maryland Professional Voice Program at 410-328-6866.