Disorders of the larynx generally lead to vocal dysfunction, dysphagia, or difficulty breathing and can be caused by a variety of benign or malignant lesions, neurological disorders (vocal fold paralysis, stroke, neuromuscular disease), trauma (endotracheal intubation), and medical illness (reflux disease, allergies, angioedema).

Larynx disorders treated by the University of Maryland Laryngology team include:

  • Benign lesions: polyps, nodules, cysts, varices, papilloma and dysplasia.

  • Neurological disordersParkinson’s disease, paralysis, myasthenia gravis, spasmodic dysphonia and stroke.

  • Trauma: webs, vocal fold fixation and airway stenosis.

  • Dysphagia from cricopharyngeal spasm, diverticula and neurologic disorders.

  • Neoplastic diseases such as squamous cell carcinoma, chondrosarcoma, salivary gland neoplasms and neuroendocrine neoplasms.