AMD AMD blurs the sharp, central vision you need for straight-ahead activities such as reading, sewing and driving. AMD affects the macula, the part of the eye that allows you to see fine detail.

Slightly blurred vision is the most common symptom of AMD. Other symptoms may include wavy lines or a blind spot in the center of the field of vision.

“Dry macular degeneration is the most common type, progresses very slowly and has no specific treatment,” Dr. Samuel D. Friedel, University of Maryland School of Medicine Clinical Associate Professor of Ophthalmology, says. “There are some combinations of vitamins and minerals that may slow the progression of the disease in some individuals. We are likely to see some breakthroughs in the next few years.

“Wet macular degeneration, which almost definitely led to blindness 10 years ago, is now a treatable disease,” Dr. Friedel says. “We have medications in the form of injections that have offered patients a new quality of life. Several years ago, I wouldn’t have been able to do anything for patients who had wet macular degeneration. We have truly come a long way in treating this aging disease.”