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James W. Russell, MD

  • Professor of Neurology

James W. Russell, MD


  • Neuromuscular Medicine

  • Clinical Neurophysiology

About James W. Russell, MD

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Dr. James Russell completed his neurology residency at the University of Iowa and completed training in neuromuscular/peripheral nerve disease and electrophysiology at the Mayo Clinic Rochester and the National Institutes of Health. He is board certified in neurology and clinical neurophysiology and holds a Master's Degree in clinical research and trial design from the University of Michigan.
Dr. Russell is a member of the American Neurological Association, the American Academy of Neurology, the American Diabetes Association, and a Fellow of the American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine and of the Royal College of Physicians. He has an active neuromuscular practice as well as research program in peripheral neuropathy.
Clinical Research
Dr. Russell has clinical research interests in neuromuscular diseases, and specifically in the study of peripheral neuropathies. He has active clinical research interests in the pathogenesis and treatment of neuropathy in diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance, and in inflammatory neuropathies. He also has clinical and research interests in disorders of the autonomic nervous system, including autonomic neuropathies. 
Translational Research
Dr. Russell's laboratory has as its research focus understanding the mechanisms and treatment of diabetic neuropathy. His laboratory is interested in developing strategies to decrease oxidative and excitotoxic stress in neurons and Schwann cells. The laboratory is currently examining pathways of oxidative and mitochondrial injury in the peripheral nervous system and mechanisms to prevent or reverse cellular injury. Understanding these basic mechanisms of glucose-induced injury in the peripheral nerve will allow a more a rational design of therapies aimed at ameliorating diabetic neuropathy. Other research in the laboratory includes examining mechanisms of axonal growth and myelination in peripheral neuropathy. This translational research is aimed at developing improved diagnosis and treatment for peripheral neuropathies.

Gender: Male


  • University of Maryland Medical Center

  • University of Maryland Medical Center Midtown Campus

  • Member of UM Faculty Physicians, Inc.