Prostate cancer is an illness that involves the prostate gland, which is in the pelvis. It's a small, walnut-sized organ that sits below the bladder. The nature of cancer is that it represents an abnormal growth of cells. This growth forms a mass which can cause local destruction. It can also spread and cause damage to other parts of the body.
Prostate Cancer Risks
As men age (about half the men diagnosed with prostate cancer are older than age 70), there are some suggestions to help minimize the risk of prostate cancer and increase the likelihood of detection. The general recommendation is that screening for prostate cancer, including a PSA and a digital rectum exam, should begin at age 50. It is also recommended that men with a family history of prostate cancer and African American men should begin their screening process earlier, at 45 or even 40.
The decision to initiate prostate screening is somewhat complex. There are certain pros and cons to doing the screening. We know that there is a correlation between certain lifestyle habits (including high fat, low-protein, low-vegetable diets) and prostate cancer risks. All men should try to adopt a healthier lifestyle, not only in terms of reducing the risk of prostate cancer, but also for other obvious health reasons. Unlike many other cancers, the association between smoking and prostate cancer has not been clearly defined. Though, generally, we advise all patients to stop smoking.
Learn more about prostate cancer treatment.