Established in Baltimore City in 1895 as a small hospital for children with orthopaedic deficits, UM Rehabilitation & Orthopaedic Institute and has evolved into a major orthopaedic and rehabilitation resource for both adults and children.
UM Rehabilitation & Orthopaedic Institute moved to its present 85-acre wooded campus in Woodlawn in 1911. Today, UM Rehabilitation & Orthopaedic Institute performs more than 3,000 inpatient and outpatient surgeries each year in a variety of specialties, including total joint replacement, sports injuries, scoliosis, neck, back, upper and lower extremity injuries, as well as plastic surgery, dental surgery, and trauma reconstruction. About 80 percent of surgeries are done on an outpatient basis. Dental surgery, a growing service, is offered to adults and children with special needs.
At its bright, modern William Donald Schaefer Rehabilitation Center, UM Rehabilitation & Orthopaedic Institute offers the most technologically advanced therapy for orthopaedic injuries, brain and spinal cord injuries, stroke, multiple sclerosis, and other neurologic disorders. UM Rehabilitation & Orthopaedic Institute also houses the University of Maryland Complementary Medicine Program.
In its full-service rehabilitation facility, UM Rehabilitation & Orthopaedic Institute treats adult inpatients and outpatients. With more than 2,700 admissions each year, the hospital is the state's largest provider of inpatient rehabilitation services. Many patients with head, spine, and severe orthopaedic injuries continue their recovery at UM Rehabilitation & Orthopaedic Institute after lifesaving acute care at the University of Maryland Shock Trauma Center.
UM Rehabilitation & Orthopaedic Institute provides physical, occupational, and recreational therapy; speech and language therapy; and psychological and behavioral services. Its physicians are specialists in rehabilitation but come from different disciplines, including physical medicine, neurology, and internal medicine. Each year, the hospital offers training programs for resident physicians in orthopaedics and physiatry, as well as for students in occupational, physical, and speech therapy.
The Schaefer Rehabilitation Center is one of the largest and most sophisticated facilities of its kind in the nation. The 155,000-square-foot center has four inpatient units. Each unit has 32 beds and is dedicated to a specific type of injury: stroke, traumatic brain injury, subacute/transitional rehabilitation, and spinal cord disorders/multiple sclerosis. Patient rooms are bright and airy, equipped with wheelchair-accessible showers, and have a view of the wooded hospital campus. The center also has an indoor hydrotherapy pool.
The hospital began treating the injuries of Maryland's professional and college sports stars in the 1950s, long before the emergence of sports medicine. Beginning with the NFL Baltimore Colts, the hospital provided surgery and physical therapy for players, including star quarterback Johnny Unitas, helping them to recover from injuries and get in shape during the off-season. Over the years, teams treated have included the NBA Baltimore Bullets, the Blast indoor soccer team, the Baltimore Bayhawks, the NFL Ravens, the University of Maryland Terrapins, the UMBC Retrievers, the Coppin State Eagles, and numerous high school teams.